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当你阅读故事时,你自身发生了什么?

What happens inside you when you read a story?
当你阅读故事时,你自身发生了什么?
557字
2019-09-24 21:17
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当你阅读故事时,你自身发生了什么?

There's a Native American proverb that says, ”The one who tells the story rules the world.”?

有一句当地的美国谚语叫做“讲故事的人掌控世界。”

Stories have the potential to be incredibly powerful. They're able to change how we relate to each other, to change prejudice.

故事拥有潜力,能够变得难以想象的强大。它们能够改变我们和其他人的关联方式,改变偏见。

So the potential for stories to persuade is staggering. I read this really, really good research paper about these two books which basically suggested, that if you get people to read a couple of chapters of Harry Potter, they'll rate themselves higher than other people in their ability to potentially move something, just using the power of their mind.

所以故事说服别人的潜力令人震惊。我读了这篇关于这两本书的非常非常棒的研究。这项研究整体上表明,如果你让人们阅读几章哈利波特,他们将会估计自己比其他人更高一筹,在仅仅使用他们的意念移动物品的潜在能力上。

The people who read about the vampires, they'll actually believe that their teeth are slightly longer than other people in the population, just as a result of having read a chapter or two of this book.?

阅读关于吸血鬼的书籍的人们的确会相信他们的牙齿略微的比人群中的其他人长一点,仅仅是因为阅读了这本书的一两个章节。

In terms of psychology, there's a few things that stories actually do to us. We get this sense that we're fully immersed in the world that we're reading about.?

从心理学上来说,故事的确可以对我们产生一些影响。我们完全沉浸在我们正在阅读的世界的时候,我们便会有这种感觉。

We start to almost feel as if the things that are happening to them, are happening to us. Reading is not a relaxation, you are building worlds, you are populating those worlds with cities and those cities you are populating with people.

我们开始觉得好像发生在他们身上的事情,也发生在我们身上。阅读不是放松,你正在建立世界,你居住在这些拥有城市的世界,和这些城市的人民居住在一起。

So although television, film, theatre all have their place in the storytelling world, to me that moment of contact with a book, when you read a story and unlock its secrets...nothing quite comes close.?

所以尽管电视,电影和剧院在这个讲故事的世界都有一定的位置,但是对我来说,和书产生联系的时间或是当你阅读一个故事并且解开其中的秘密的时候,没有什么能与这样的时间相比。

Our research has been on the meaning of individual words, if you read the word ”jump” for example, you activate those areas that you also activate when you do actually perform the action of jumping, so it would be about here somewhere.

我们一直在研究单个词语的意思,例如,如果你读到一个词“跳跃”,你会激活当你真的在做跳跃动作时所激活的区域,和这个词相关的区域大概在这里。
?

The interesting question in this case of course is, I mean if you read about somebody else jumping, why should you activate brain areas related to jumping??

当然,在这个例子中,有趣的问题是,我的意思是当你读到其他人跳跃的时候,为什么你会激活大脑中和跳跃相关的区域呢?

The proponents of the theory would say that immersing yourself into a story is based on the mirror neuron system. I am convinced that mirror neurons are part of this process, but it can't be the whole story.

这一理论的支持者会说将你自己融入这个故事中是建立在镜像神经元系统上的。我确信镜像神经元是这个过程的一部分,但它不可能是全部。
?

It's been found that, when we connect with people who aren't real but are fictional characters, it forms a sort of social surrogate for us – it's almost like they're a real person when they're not.?

人们发现,当我们和小说角色而不是真人产生联系的时候,就会为我们形成一种社会替代品,就好像他们是真实存在的人,实际上并不存在。

And psychologists sometimes call it... forming a parasocial relationship. And what's interesting about that is it kind of makes us feel less lonely and it can also buffer self-esteem and improve our mood.?

心理学家有时将这叫做:形成的一种准社会关系。有趣的是,它让我们感到不那么孤独,也可以缓冲自尊,改善我们的情绪。

We know that having a lot of friendships with other people when you're in a couple is a really positive thing for the outcomes of that relationship. But what's really interesting is they don't have to be real people.?

我们知道当你处于恋情中的时候,对这段关系的结果来说,和其他人有很多的友谊是非常积极的事情。但是有趣的是,这些友谊可以不是真实的人。

If you're trying to change people's opinions about controversial topics such as same sex marriage or immigration for example, stories have actually been found to be a lot more effective in producing political change.?

如果你尝试着改变人们对于一些争议话题的观点,例如同性婚姻或者移民,实际上,故事被发现在产生政治改变上更加有效。
?

Attitudes towards stigmatised groups could be improved by reading Harry Potter, but only if the person identified with Harry.?

对受非难的群体的态度可以通过阅读哈利波特来改善,但是有且只有当这个人和哈利波特产生共鸣。

Children love stories, they always have a story to tell whether it's about the weekend or what happened in the playground.

孩子们喜欢故事,无论是关于周末的故事,或者是在操场上发生的故事,他们总是有故事要讲。

And it's such an important part of understanding the world around them, and understanding themselves.

讲故事是理解他们周围世界和理解他们自己非常重要的一个部分。

You should definitely turn this off right now and go and pick up a book.

你当然应该立刻关闭这个视频然后去拿起一本书。

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