英语
双语
汉语

不要将青少年的心理问题归罪于科技时代

Tech time not to blame for teens' mental health problems
不要将青少年的心理问题归罪于科技时代
458字
2019-09-24 15:37
72阅读
不要将青少年的心理问题归罪于科技时代

A new study, published in the journal Clinical Psychological Science, suggests that the time adolescents are spending on their phones and online is not that bad.

一篇新发表于《临床心理科学》杂志的研究表明,青少年在他们手机和网上花费的时间并没有那么糟糕。

The study tracked young adolescents on their smartphones to test whether more time spent using digital technology was linked to worse mental health outcomes. The researchers -- Candice Odgers, professor of psychological science at the University of California, Irvine; Michaeline Jensen, assistant professor of psychology at the University of north Carolina at Greensboro; Madeleine George, postdoctoral researcher at Purdue University; and Michael Russell, assistant professor of behavioral health at Pennsylvania State University -- found little evidence of longitudinal or daily linkages between digital technology use and adolescent mental health.

这项研究通过追踪青少年在他们智能手机花费的时间,来测试花在数字技术上的时间越多是否与更严重的心理健康结果有关联。研究者有来自尔湾市的加州大学的心理科学教授坎迪斯·奥杰斯;来自北卡罗莱纳州格林斯伯勒的大学心理教授助理麦克·詹森;普杜大学博士后研究生玛德琳·乔治;还有来自宾夕法尼亚州立大学行为健康学的教授助理迈克尔·罗素。他们发现从纵向和横向看没有证据证明数字技术的使用与青少年的心理健康有联系。

"It may be time for adults to stop arguing over whether smartphones and social media are good or bad for teens' mental health and start figuring out ways to best support them in both their offline and online lives," Odgers said.

奥杰斯说:“现在大人们可能要停止争论智能手机和社交媒体对青少年的心理健康是好是坏,而应该开始找出能最好支持他们的网上和现实生活的方法。”

"Contrary to the common belief that smartphones and social media are damaging adolescents' mental health, we don't see much support for the idea that time spent on phones and online is associated with increased risk for mental health problems," Jensen said.

詹森说到:“与平时普遍认为智能手机和社交媒体对青少年的心理健康有危害的观念不同,我们并没有看到有太多证据证明在手机和网上花费的时间与患有心理健康问题概率的增加有关。”

The study surveyed more than 2,000 youth and then intensively tracked a subsample of nearly 400 teens on their smartphones multiple times a day for two weeks. Adolescents in the study were between 10 and 15 years old and represented the economically and racially diverse population of youth attending North Carolina public schools.

这项研究调查了2,000多名青年,然后连续两周深入跟踪了近400名青少年智能手机使用情况的子样本。研究中的青少年年龄在10到15岁之间,代表了在北卡罗来纳州公立学校就读的经济和种族差异的年轻人。

The researchers collected reports of mental health symptoms from the adolescents three times a day and they also reported on their daily technology usage each night. They asked whether youth who engaged more with digital technologies were more likely to experience later mental health symptoms and whether days that adolescents spent more time using digital technology for a wide range of purposes were also days when mental health problems were more common. In both cases, increased digital technology use was not related to worse mental health.

研究人员每天从青少年那里收集三份有关青少年心理健康症状的报告,并且每晚还报告其日常技术使用情况。他们问及使用数字技术更多的年轻人是否更有可能出现较晚的心理健康症状,以及青少年花更多时间使用数字技术用于各种目的是否也更常见于心理健康问题。在这两种情况下,数字技术的使用增加与精神健康状况的恶化无关。

When associations were observed, they were small and in the opposite direction that would be expected given all of the recent concerns about digital technology damaging adolescents' mental health. For instance, teens who reported sending more text messages over the study period actually reported feeling better (less depressed) than teens who were less frequent texters.

观察到关联后,它们的规模很小,而且方向相反,鉴于最近对数字技术的所有担忧都损害了青少年的心理健康。例如,报告称在研究期间发送更多文本消息的青少年实际上比不经常发短信的青少年感觉更好(不那么沮丧)。

Story Source:

故事来源:

Materials provided by University of California - Irvine. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

加利福尼亚大学尔湾分校提供的材料注意:可以编辑内容的样式和长度。

Related Multimedia:

相关多媒体

Journal Reference:

期刊参考

  1. Michaeline Jensen, Madeleine J. George, Michael R. Russell, Candice L. Odgers. Young Adolescents’ Digital Technology Use and Adolescents’ Mental Health Symptoms: Little Evidence of Longitudinal or Daily Linkages. Clinical Psychological Science, 2019; 216770261985933 DOI: 10.1177/2167702619859336
  1. Michaeline Jensen,Madeleine J. George,Michael R. Russell,Candice L. Odgers。 青少年的数字技术使用和青少年的心理健康症状:纵向或日常联系的证据很少临床心理科学 ,2019; 216770261985933 DOI: 10.1177 / 2167702619859336
0 +1
举报
0 条评论
评论不能为空

Moi的内容